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The Raths, Chandan Yatra and Suna Besha

Jagannath Rath Yatra 2022: The Raths, Chandan Yatra and Suna Besha_40.1

Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra 2022

Rath Yatra of Puri is the annual Chariot Festival of Odisha traditionally known as the Puri Rath Yatra. The Puri Rath Yatra 2022 has begun with devotion and traditions across Odisha. The chariot festival is dedicated Lord Jagannath, his brother Balbhadra and his sister Subhadra. The journey of the deities begins at the iconic Puri Temple and reaches the Gundicha Shrine after twelve the gentleman returns to his adobe. The idols of the three deities are carried by three priests from the Holy of Holies and Garbha Griha and carried to Gundicha Shrine in three huge wooden carts.

The raths or chariots are huge and the priests and devotees draw the three raths with immense devotion. Devotees eagerly await Rath Yatra drawing the gigantic Raths of Lord Jagannath, Balbhadra and Subhadra. You will be fascinated by the variety of people here. People of every caste, sex, origin and age are allowed to take the raths of the three deities. The Rath Yatra is also broadcast live from Puri to all over India. You can connect to the live event on DD-Odia, DD-Bharati and DD-India and enjoy the virtual darshan of Lord Jagannath.

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Puri Rath Yatra 2022: The Raths or Chariots

The three chariots of the deities are built each year from wood from certain trees such as Phassi and Dhausa. There is a specialized team of carpenters who bring the wood for crafting the Raths of Deities from the former princely state of Dasapalla. The logs they bring with them are traditionally launched as rafts in the Mahanadi River. The three chariots are adorned with specific and unique instructions given below in the table from the years.

Chariot Details Jagannath Balabhadra Subhadra
name of the chariot Nandigosha Taladhwaja Darpadalana
number of wheels 16 14 12
Total number of wooden parts 832 763 593
length and width 34’6″ x 34’6″ 33′ x 33′ 31’6″ x 31’6″
Height 44’2” 43’3” 42’3”
Colors of the canopies Read, yellow Red, bluish green Red Black
Gaudian Garuda Vasudeva Jayadurga
names of horses 1. Shankha

2. Balahaka

3. Suveta

4. Haridashwa

1. Tribra

2. Ghorah

3. Dirghasharma

4. Swornanava

1. Red Chicka

2. Mochika

3. Jita

4. Aparajita

flag name Trailokyamohini Unnani Nadambika
color of horses White Black Red

Puri Rath Yatra 2022: Chandan Yatra

On Akshaya Tritiya, the construction of the chariot begins, with a ritual of fire worship. The ritual takes place in front of the palace of the king of Puri. This day also marks the new farming season for the farmers of Odisha and they start plowing their fields, it marks that too Beginning of the summer festival of the deities known as Sandalwood Festival or Chandan Yatra. The Chandan Yatra lasts three weeks and at this festival the representative images of the presiding deities are taken out in colorful processions and subjected to a ceremonial boat ride Narendra Pokhri every day. There is an interesting demonstration of the assimilating character of the Jagannath cult, Madanmohan and Rama-Krishna representing Jagannath and Balarama attend the festival with the representative images of the presiding deities of the five main Shiva temples in Puri. These are known as Pancha Pandava, the Five Brothers of the Mahabharata. Later, in a small temple in the center of the tank, the deities receive a ritual bath in stone tubes filled with water, sandalwood paste, scents, and flowers.

Puri Rath Yatra 2022: Suna Besha

That Suna Bescha is celebrated when the chariots of the deities return to the main temple after returning from the temple Gundicha Temple. The deities are dressed in gold ornaments and are worshiped on the chariots. It is known that this ritual was traditionally started by King Kapilendra Deb 1460, when he gave gold to Jagannath after returning victorious from the war. Nearly, 208 kg of gold jewelry is adorned on the three deities.

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