Rs 740 crore is spent on import of asafetida Asafoetida is one of the major spices and is a highly valued spice crop in India. India imports around 1,200 tons of raw asafetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan and spends around US$100 million per year on this.
Asafetida cultivation began in India. The lack of planting material for plants called Ferula assa-photida in India was a major bottleneck in the cultivation of this crop. Aiming to introduce Asafoetida (Asafoetida) cultivation in India, Dr. Sanjay Kumar, Director, CSIR-IHBT, on 15 Oct 2020, the first Asafoetida (Asafoetida) plant was printed in a farmer’s field in the town called Quaring of Lahaul Valley. .
As Asafoetida (Asafoetida) is a staple spice in Indian cuisine, the CSIR-IHBT team worked tirelessly to introduce this important crop to the country. The institute started using six bunches of seeds brought from Iran through ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBPGR), New Delhi in October 2018.
ICAR-NBPGR confirmed that this was the first attempt in the country to use Asafoetida (Ferula assa-photida) seeds in the last thirty years. ICAR-IHBT, under the supervision of NBPGR, has cultivated asafetida plants in CEHAB, Ribling, Lahaul and Spiti in Himachal Pradesh.
This plant prefers cool and dry conditions for its growth and its roots take about five years to produce a resin called oleo-gum. This is the reason why the cold desert areas of the Indian Himalayan region are suitable for growing Asafoetida (Asafoetida).
Raw asafoetida (asafoetida) is extracted as an oleo-gum resin from the fleshy roots of Ferula assa-phosetida. Although there are about 130 species of Ferula in the world, only the economically important species Ferula assa-fatidis is used for the production of Asafoetida (Asafoetida).
In India we do not have Ferula asa-photida, but the other species, Ferula jessecena, are found in the western Himalayas (Chamba, Himachal Pradesh) and Ferula narthex in Kashmir and Ladakh, which are not the species that produce Asafoetida (asafoetida).
CSIR-IHBT scientists also conducted training programs related to asafetida cultivation and established the seed production chain and commercial scale cultivation of asafetida in collaboration with officials of the state department of agriculture in Madgraan, Billing and Keylong in the Lahaul valley of Himachal. Pradesh Demonstration plots were built in the above villages.
This is how asafetida is made from raw materials from abroad- Shyam Prasad, a Hathras resident and asafetida connoisseur, says that razine (milk) comes from Iran, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. This milk comes from a plant. Earlier traders used to bring the milk directly to Hathras. But now the Khari Babli area of Delhi has become a huge market. But the work of the process is still done in Hathras. 15 large and 45 small units are doing this job. The oily resin (milk) released from the plant is processed together with the flour. Now some units have been opened in Kanpur as well. In addition to the country that manufactures asafetida, it is exported to Gulf countries such as Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, etc.undefined
Tags: business news in hindi, Farmer, farmer’s push, Hing (Asafetida) Price, kisan
PUBLISHED FOR THE FIRST TIME : October 20, 2020, 09:28 IST